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EOM,  November 2023


Join us as we embark on an exciting EOM to Poland and play an active role in promoting democracy and safeguarding the electoral process.


Right now we are gearing up and are in the process of finding a skilled team of coordinators for the EOM. Both Coordinators and observers will be on the ground, monitoring the electoral process, from pre-election preparations to polling day. By assessing the adherence to democratic principles, we strive to strengthen democratic institutions and contribute to a thriving democratic society through our EOM data collection. 

Scroll down and read more about Poland's social and political situation.

Keep updated on any Poland EOM 2023 news on this page

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What to know about

Introduction to the Polish Political Landscape

Poland operates under a parliamentary republic system, which means that the power is vested in the hands of the people. Citizens exercise their democratic rights by electing representatives to the Sejm (lower house) and the Senate (upper house). Similar to many democratic nations, Poland upholds the fundamental principle of the separation of powers.

Polish politics operates on a multi-party system, where various political parties participate in the electoral process. Major parties, such as Law and Justice (PiS) and Civic Coalition (KO), have played prominent roles in recent political developments.

The president, currently held by Andrzej Duda, serves as the head of state and is elected for a five-year term. Currently, President Andrzej Duda represents the Law and Justice party (PiS) and has been in office since 2015. He is in his second term and cannot run for the presidency again. The Law and Justice party holds 229 seats in the Sejm but has lost its majority. The prime minister is Mateusz Morawiecki, also from the Law and Justice party, who assumed office on December 11th, 2017, following the governance of former prime minister Beata Szydło (PiS) from 2015-2017.


Balancing democratic power


Poland, like many nations, has experienced its fair share of political ups and downs. Lately, there have been discussions about the state of democratic governance, raising concerns about the delicate balance of power. It's a topic that has inspired lively debates and conversations across the country.

The course of Civil Society


The course of civil society in Poland has faced its own set of challenges. The government has introduced certain regulations that affect non-governmental organizations, creating a dynamic interplay between state and society.

Poland’s economic relationships with the EU


Poland with its 716,3 billion dollars GDP, is EU’s sixth largest economy. Since joining the EU Poland has experienced a eighty one percent rise in GDP per capita (from 2003 – 2017). Besides that Poland receives more than it contributes to the EU budget. In 2018 Poland received 11,632 million euros.

Poland’s relationships with the EU


Poland has in recent years broken some of the EU criteria concern rule of law. As a result from this EU tried to start a article seven case against Poland, but without luck, due to blocking from Hungary. In 2021 EU again tried to sanction Poland by starting an infringement case against Poland’s constitutional court. In 2023 EU summoned Poland to the EU Court of Justice for having broken EU law.

Doubts about the judiciary


In the realm of judicial reforms, Poland has been making moves that have caught international attention. Some of these changes have sparked debates about the independence of the judiciary and the potential influence of politics on the legal system.

The Media


Media freedom has found its way into spotlight. Poland has seen shifts in the media landscape, prompting discussions about diversity, independence, and the importance of a vibrant free press.


A Journey through
Political Developments

Poland is well-known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking landscapes. However, what we are interested in gaining more knowledge about is Poland’s history, its political system, the recent development and in general a landscape picture of the country. Here are some key highlights from our research.


Source: Freedomhouse, Poland 2023

A polarized Poland


When looking at various maps depicturing election results, it is quite clear that Poland is divided in two on party-political matters. On the east side of the country, PiS is quite well established. On the west side of the country however, it is the opposition Civic Coalition that seems to be favoured. 

Several factors affect this separation and its therefore a complex matter. For that reason we intend to split our observation mission into two parties, with one observing the western part of Poland, and the other observing the eastern part

Things to look out for in the
2023 elections

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The 2023 polish parliament elections are said to be a turning point for democracy and Economic Priorities within Poland. We in Silba are looking very much forward to follow the developments and cover this exciting election with our EOM to Poland.  

Here are some things to take not of in the election debates

Democratic Renewal


The elections come at a crucial time for Polish democracy. Discussions about safeguarding the rule of law, protecting democratic institutions, and ensuring pluralism are heating up. The electorate has a chance to shape the course of democracy in the country, determining the direction it will take. It's a pivotal moment that reminds us of the power of the voting booth.


A Battle of Ideas


The Polish opposition, fueled by newfound determination, is gearing up to challenge the ruling party in the electoral arena. From innovative policies to fresh perspectives, they are determined to present an alternative vision for the country's future. It's a clash of ideas, as politicians on both sides strive to win the votes.

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European Perspectives


Poland's economic forecast and its integration into the European Union have not escaped the election spotlight. As voters contemplate their choices, they consider the potential impact on Poland's relationship with the EU and the wider global community. It's a moment where national aspirations and European cooperation intersect.

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